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European Partnership

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Clean Hydrogen Partnership

Fuel cell light duty vehicles (including cars)

No.

Parameter

Unit

State of the art

FCH 2 JU target

SoA 2012

International SoA 2017*

Target 2020

Target 2024

Target 2030

1

Fuel cell system durability

h

2,500

4,000

5,000

6,000

7,000

2

Hydrogen consumption

kg/100 km

na

1.2

1.15

1,1

1

3

Availability

%

95

98

98

99

>99

4

Maintenance

EUR/km

na

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

5

Fuel cell system cost

EUR/kW

500

100

60

50

40

6

Areal power density

W/cm2

na

1.0

1.5

1.8

2.0

7

PGM loading

g/kW

na

0.4

0.17

0.08

0.05

8

Cell Volumetric power

kW/l

na

5.0

7.3

9.3

10.0

Notes:

1. Durability of the fuel cell system until 10% power degradation. The typical vehicle lifetime requirement is 6,000-7,000 h of operation.

2. Hydrogen consumption for 100 km driven under real life operation using exclusively hydrogen feed.

3. Percent of time that the vehicle is able to operate versus the overall time that it is intended to operate, assuming only FC related technical issues.

4. Costs for spare parts and labour for the drivetrain maintenance per km traveled over the vehicle's complete lifetime of 6,000 to 7,000 hours.

5. Actual cost of the fuel cell system - excluding overheads and profits, assuming 100,000 systems/year as cost calculation basis.

6. Power per cell area @ 0.66V: Ratio of the operating power of the fuel cell to the active surface area of the fuel cell.

7. Overall loading in Platinum Group Metals at cathode + anode. (to be only used as guidance, not as a development target).

8. Power for single cell (cathode plate, MEA, anode plate) per unit volume, ref: Autostack-core Evo 2 dimensions: cell pitch 1.0 mm and cell area: 595 cm2

*for cost aspects, when relevant, the European SoA is indicated and labelled with an asterisk