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European Partnership

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Clean Hydrogen Partnership

Hydrogen fuel Quality for transportation and other energy applications

Hydrogen-based energy conversion devices, especially proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), are known to be sensitive to hydrogen fuel impurities. In this context, adequate specification of hydrogen quality, as well as means of checking H2 fuel compliance, are crucial to warrant reliability of these devices. Besides, a technical and economical compromise between performance loss and purification levels has to be found: this is a key issue for all hydrogen stakeholders. Important international effort is currently being undertaken to develop Regulations, Codes and Standards (especially ISO/TC197/WG12) on this topic. This work is today mainly carried out by US DOE and Japan NEDO, and the HyQ project is being set up to enable the European industrial and scientific community to support actively this pre-normative research. The strong partnership of HyQ involves large research organisations and major industrial players involved in the hydrogen economy (end-users, manufacturers and gas suppliers). The first action of HyQ aims at identifying technological gaps from an extensive mapping on the various H2 production and purification pathways, and of current standardisation activities on the topic. In parallel, end-users specifications will be collected. On this basis, more appropriate methods will be proposed to determine acceptable impurity levels, as well as for checking H2 fuel quality, and in parallel, the technico-economical trade-off between H2 quality and generator performance will be quantified. Cooperation with standardisation organisations will be ensured all along the project to promote European contribution. One of the main outcomes of HyQ will be a synthesis document gathering all procedures validated during the course of the project. This document will form the basis of the European recommendations of harmonized methods for hydrogen fuel quality testing for the different applications.


SP1-JTI-FCH.2009.1.6: Pre-normative research on fuel quality.


Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), France


Mr Olivier Lemaire

Other participating organisations:

JRC - Joint Research Centre, European Commission Belgium
Zentrum fur Sonnenenrgie und Wasserstoff-Forschung (ZSW) Germany
Air Liquide (AL) France
Total Raffinage Marketing (Total) France
Centro Ricerche FIAT (CRF) Italy
Element Energy (EE) UK
Axane (Axane) France
National Physical Laboratory (NPL) UK
VSL Dutch Metrology Institute (VSL) The Netherlands
CCS Global group Ltd (CCS) UK
Peugeot Citroà«n Automobiles SA (PCA) France
Shell Downstream Services International (Shell) The Netherlands
Linde (Linde) Germany
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) Finland