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European Partnership

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Clean Hydrogen Partnership

PNR for safety of hydrogen driven vehicles and transport through tunnels and similar confined spaces

The aim of the HyTunnel-CS project is to perform pre-normative research for safety of hydrogen driven vehicles and
transport through tunnels and similar confined spaces (FCH-04-1-2018). The main ambition is to facilitate hydrogen vehicles
entering underground traffic systems at risk below or the same as for fossil fuel transport. The specific objectives are: critical
analysis of effectiveness of conventional safety measures for hydrogen incidents; generation of unique experimental data
using the best European hydrogen safety research facilities and three real tunnels; understanding of relevant physics to
underpin the advancement of hydrogen safety engineering; innovative explosion and fire prevention and mitigation
strategies; new validated CFD and FE models for consequences analysis; new engineering correlations for novel
quantitative risk assessment methodology tailored for tunnels and underground parking; harmonised recommendations for
intervention strategies and tactics for first responders; recommendations for inherently safer use of hydrogen vehicles in
underground transportation systems; recommendations for RCS. The objectives will be achieved by conducting interdisciplinary
and inter-sectoral research by a carefully built consortium of academia, emergency services, research and
standard development organisations, who have extensive experience from work on hydrogen safety and safety in tunnels
and other confined spaces. The complementarities and synergies of theoretical, numerical and experimental research will be
used to close knowledge gaps and resolve technological bottlenecks in safe use of hydrogen in confined spaces. The project
outcomes will be reflected in appropriate recommendations, models and correlations could be directly implemented in
relevant RCS (UN GTR#13, ISO/TC 197, CEN/CLC/TC 6, etc.). HyTunnel-CS will reduce over-conservatism, increase
efficiency of installed safety equipment and systems to save costs of underground traffic systems.