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European Partnership

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Clean Hydrogen Partnership

Assessment of the potential, the actors and relevant business cases for large scale and seasonal storage of renewable electricity by hydrogen underground storage in Europ

Scope and background of project
In the 4th call of the European FCH JU (AIP 2011) a project has been called to map out the relevance of hydrogen underground storage. The focus being on seasonal energy storage at large scale, the potential, application profile, impact of and schedule to implement this concept may differ across Europe. In recent studies a clear profile for various large-scale storage concepts / technologies has been elaborated for Germany, and here specifically the northern regions, with involvement of the public sector and industry.
Utilizing this knowledge, also actors in other regions have started to assess the individual geographic hydrogen underground storage potential in their respective region such as in Spain and the UK and show interest to commercially deploy this concept.

Expected results

The idea behind the project is to establish a European initiative supporting the deployment of hydrogen energy storage in underground storage caverns at large scale, benchmark their storage potential in relation to the energy market and competing storage technologies, and to identify and assess application areas, stakeholders, safety, regulatory framework and public acceptance.
The general concept of the project foresees case studies for five representative European regions benchmarking against the results from ongoing German industry projects. Each of these case studies will consider the competitiveness of hydrogen storage against other large scale energy storage concepts, the geologic potential for hydrogen storage in the region, and how to embed the hydrogen energy storage in the energy market. The perspective of the cases studies is potential business cases for each region and the development of an Implementation Plan at European scale.


SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.5.1: Assessment of benefits of H2 for energy storage and integration in energy markets


Fundación para el Desarrollo de las Nuevas Tecnologías del Hidrógeno en Aragón (Foundation for Hydrogen in Aragon - FHA), Spain


Dr Luis Correas

Other participating organisations:

Organisation Country
Ludwig-Bölkow – Systemtechnik (LBST) Germany
Hinicio Belgium
KBB Underground Technologies (KBB) Germany
National Center for Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Romania (NHFCC) Romania
DEEP Underground Technologies (DEEP) Germany
E.ON Gas Storage (EGS) Germany
Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) The Netherlands
Shell Global Solutions (Shell) The Netherlands
Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies (CENEX) United Kingdom
Solvay Chemicals (Solvay) Germany
Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA) France