Skip to main content

European Partnership

European Union flag
Clean Hydrogen Partnership

Thermoplastic Hydrogen tanks Optimised and Recyclable

THOR aims at developing a cost-effective thermoplastic composite pressure vessel for hydrogen storage both for vehicle
and for transportation applications. Thermoplastics appear as a promising solution to the challenges faced by conventional
tanks in terms of compatibility with hydrogen service and with mass automotive market requirements. The use of
thermoplastic materials, advanced numerical modeling techniques and innovative manufacturing processes will boost the
performance, improve safety, enable optimized tank geometry and weight (reduction of 10%) and reduce the cost for mass
production (400€/kg of H2 stored for 30 000 tanks/year). A series of tests extracted from demanding automotive standards
will validate all the requirements and demonstrate that thermoplastic tanks outperform thermoset ones. The consortium is
representative of the hydrogen supply chain, from technology developer to manufacturer and end-user enhancing market
uptake: a disruptive technology provider with successful commercial experience of thermoplastic tanks (COVESS), an
ambitious Tier One supplier targeting a wide market introduction towards all OEMs (FAURECIA), an industrial gas expert
with a long history related to hydrogen and a complementary end-user of tanks for hydrogen supply and refueling station
operations (AIR LIQUIDE). This core industrial team is limited in purpose to avoid possible future commercial conflicts of
interests and backed up with top research expertise to address all the identified challenges: an innovation center for material
research with important tank scale testing capacity (CSM), a technology center in the fields of composite materials,
manufacturing, automation, and testing (SIRRIS), academic teams with strong experience of composite materials and nondestructive
testing (NTNU) and of thermo-mechanical materials behavior under fire aggression (CNRS) and a technical
center with an innovative recycling technology for thermoplastic composites (CETIM-CERMAT).

Project factsheet

3 JULY 2024
THOR factsheet